It may be distinguished mainly by the dense, globose heads composed by many radiating spikelets. Please note that this is a trial program and may end. The information you enter here will be stored in the downloaded file to assist you in managing your downloaded pdfs locally. Cyperus esculentus yellow nutsedge is a troublesome weed with broad infraspecific variation. Nutgrass cyperus rotundus information, uses and side. Access is allocated within two business days of purchase and lasts one year. West african plants a photo guide cyperus difformis l.
Can cause damage to roses, raspberries and strawberries. A dominant weed in directseeded rice when it occurs in high plant densities. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Effects of aqueous methanol extracts of cyperus difformis on the seedlings growth of cress a, lettuce b, alfalfa c. Cyperus difformis variable flatsedge cyperus diffusus diffused flatsedge cyperus digitatus. Cladius difformis, the bristly rose slug, is a species of common sawfly in the family tenthredinidae. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 236342 with original publication details. This plant is native to southern europe, most of africa and asia, and australia, and it is naturalized in other areas of the world, including large parts of the americas cyperus difformis is a plant of aquatic and moist habitats. Download fulltext pdf anthelmintic resistance modifying properties of extracts of cyperus difformis l. Medicinal uses and pharmacological activities of cyperus rotundus. Pdf biology and control of cyperus rotundus and cyperus. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in.
Export a ris file for endnote, procite, reference manager, zotero, mendeley. The species is represented in nearly every state of the u. Cyperus difformis evolves resistance to propanil author. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Pdf factors affecting cyperus difformis seed germination and. This study describes the responses of populations of alisma plantagoaquatica, cyperus difformis, and schoenoplectus mucronatus from italy, greece, portugal, and spain to penoxsulam, an acetolactate synthase als inhibitor widely. Echinochloa crusgalli and cyperus difformis are malignant weeds in rice fields and a significant threat to rice production.
Each stem is topped by a whorl of 1025 drooping leaflike bracts that resemble the ribs of a raised umbrella. Cyperus rotundus and fuirena umbellata have plagiotropic rhizomes, while c. Culms tufted, 265 cm tall, slightly thick or flaccid, compressed triquetrous, smooth, few leaved at basal part. Cyperus difformis in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. In the course of screening for antioxidant compounds by measuring the dpph 1,1diphenyl2picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging effect and superoxide quenching activity, methanol extract of cyperus difformis. The plants database includes the following 3 species of cyperus. Determining the intraspecific variability of response to a given herbicide is important for monitoring the possible shifts in the sensitivity of weed populations. Dietr cyperus lagorensis steud cyperus laxus macrostachyus boeckeler karth cyperus laxus macrostachyus boeckeler v. Penoxsulam resistance of cyperus difformis in rice. Cyperus difformis is naturalized in the new world and native to the old world, where it ranges from southern europe to southern africa and eastward to southeast asia and australia. Pdf factors affecting cyperus difformis seed germination. The underground stems of five cyperaceae species were examined.
Penoxsulam is a group b herbicide als introduced by dow agrosciences in spain in 2007 for the control of echinochloa in rice, but also it is effective against cyperus difformis. Alsresistant smallflower umbrella sedge cyperus difformis in arkansas. Taxonomy of weedy cyperus valdosta state university. We do not intend the plant list to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Media in category cyperus difformisthe following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. Forty percent of fresh seeds can germinate immediately and most dormant seeds can germinate only following a short period of afterripening chozin and nakagawa, 1988. Cyperus difformis evolves resistance to propanil pubag. Applications of 64 times higher rates of azimsulfuron and halosulfuronmethyl failed to reduce by 50% growth of 10 putative resistant r cyperus difformis smallflower umbrellasedge populations collected from rice fields located in northern greece. Native to the palaearctic, probably accidentally introduced in the nearctic life cycle.
This plant is native to southern europe, most of africa and asia, and australia, and it is naturalized in other areas of the world, including large parts of the americas. In contrast to yellow nutsedge, these species spread strictly by seed. Plants profile for cyperus difformis variable flatsedge. Cyperus species ufifas center for aquatic and invasive. Any uses for cyperus laxus, where the range is given as asia, should be referred to this species.
Diagnostic characters biology ecology and distribution nuisance weed control botany usesremark references. Effect of osmotic potential on seed germination of c. Your use of this pdf, the bioone complete website, and all posted and associated content. Cyperus species ufifas center for aquatic and invasive plants. Media in category cyperus botanical illustrations this category contains only the following file. Cyperus alternifolius, commonly called umbrella plant or umbrella palm, is a perennial sedge that features a grasslike clump of triangular green stems typically growing to 23 tall. This species has been referred to as cyperus laxus lam. This study describes the responses of populations of alisma plantagoaquatica, cyperus difformis, and schoenoplectus mucronatus from italy, greece, portugal, and spain to penoxsulam, an acetolactate synthase.
These species can be distinguished by the following differences. Cyperus synonyms, cyperus pronunciation, cyperus translation, english dictionary definition of cyperus. Pdf phytotoxicity assessment of cyperus difformis l. Small flower umbrella plant cyperus difformis produces large quantities of seed and can complete life cycle in about 30 days. The plant list includes 2,568 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus cyperus. Aug 08, 2015 nutgrass cyperus rotundus information, uses and sideeffects motha nutgrass in ayurveda used to treat various female disorders like yeast, candida, premenstrual syndrome, breast tumor.
Download fulltext pdf download fulltext pdf factors affecting cyperus difformis seed germination and seedling emergence article pdf available in planta daninha 314. Group c27 resistant cyperus difformis from united states. Cyperus difformis evolves resistance to propanil sciencedirect. The accession was confirmed to be resistant r and was cross. Cyperus difformis was first described by linnaeus 1756. The plant list includes a further 1,419 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus cyperus. Inflorescence simple or compound, usually open, 120 cm long and 120 cm wide, with groups of spikes either sessile or on 0.
Abstract cyperus rotundus linn belong to the family. Cyperus difformis get this theme for firefox android. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below. Pdf anthelmintic resistance modifying properties of.
Enjoy unrestricted access to all content and features, including. Echinochloa phyllopogon stapf koss and cyperus difformis l. Penoxsulam is a group b herbicide als introduced by dow agrosciences in spain in 2007 for the control of echinochloa in rice, but also it. However, most modern treatments accept that the two taxa are distinct a treatment we follow here.
Cyperus difformis is a species of sedge known by several common names, including variable flatsedge, smallflower umbrellasedge and rice sedge. However, the growth rate of the susceptible s population was reduced by 50% by 14 of the recommended rate of both. Cyperiaceae article pdf available may 2018 with 90 reads. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. Waterseeded and continuously flooded rice in california is mostly grown as a continuous crop and weeds are the most serious rice production problem. Cyperus definition of cyperus by the free dictionary. Cyperus iria is a clumpforming, annual or sometimes perennial plant with with culms of grasslike leaves 8 80cm tall, growing from a fibrous root system 266 title.
Cyperus calacaryensis steud cyperus holophyllus miq. Several species of annual sedges including rice flat sedge c. Unlimited viewing of the articlechapter pdf and any associated supplements and figures. Effects of echinochloa crusgalli and cyperus difformis on. It originated in the old world tropics and is one of approximately 950 species in the genus cyperus stevens, 2012. Propanil use was intensified to control the widespread resistant biotypes. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 236342 with. In florida there are over 50 variations of cyperus alone wunderlin, 2003.
Download pdf download all download jpeg 2000 download text sida, contributions to botany. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency itis teams. Cyperus difformis get this theme for firefox android enus. Rice growers have recently experienced poor control, suggesting resistance to this photosystem iiinhibiting herbicide may have. However, the growth rate of the susceptible s population was reduced by 50% by 14 of the. It is a dominant weed in directseeded rice when it occurs in high plant densities. This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above.
Cyperus difformis is a species of sedge known by several common names, including variable. It is a principal 6 jun 2018 download fulltext pdf printer. Cyperus difformis name synonyms cyperus difformis f. Alsresistant smallflower umbrella sedge cyperus difformis in.966 1513 141 1515 171 418 595 1424 74 903 1078 163 1235 802 192 1518 902 855 254 614 1171 35 10 1179 949 821 36 666 222 481 877 603 1150 308 466 810 1239 243 1078 341 1238 808 1281 1474 693 525 803 104 1161 1400 734