Written by leading experts in the field, it is intended for use in. The management of populations of animals, plants, and microorganisms is included. Performance measures for ecosystem management 1 figure 1. Read ecosystem management online, read in mobile or kindle. An approach to natural resource management which aims to sustain ecosystems to meet both ecological and human needs in the future. Each student will produce three written reports and a final ecosystem management portfolio during the semester. Download ecosystem management ebook free in pdf and epub format. Ecarp working group october 2006 school of environment and natural resources college of food, agricultural, and environmental sciences. Concern about the degradation of public lands and associated natural resources has been a driving force in federal land management policy since its inception dana and fairfax 1980. The ecosystem approach is the primary framework for action under the convention, and its application. Ecosystem ecology involves the study of energy and. Delivery of sciencebased information the traditional model of providing science to decisionmakers is limited. The onus, therefore, is on the instructor and students to.
In the final two decades of the twentieth century, a number of concepts emerged of what might constitute an approach to effectively. T h e o b j e c t i v e s develop ecologiceconomicsocial situational analysis identify ecologiceconomicsocial goals and constraints. Ecosystem management is concerned with the intersection of ecological, economic, and social factors. Ecosystem management is a process that aims to conserve major ecological services and restore natural resources while meeting the socioeconomic, political, and cultural needs of current and future generations the principal objective of ecosystem management is the efficient maintenance and socially appropriate use of natural resources. A major challenge is how to design ecosystem management in ways that maintain resilience and avoids passing undesirable thresholds.
It is a multifaceted and holistic approach which requires. Fish and wildlife service at its national training center in shepherdstown, west virginia. Enr 5340 forest ecosystem management u g 3 fall semester 2016 the concepts and methods of managing forests across broad landscape scales for biodiversity, multiple uses and products, and ecosystem integrity. Command and control and the pathology of natural resource. In the last two decades, ecosystembased management ebm emerged as a compelling alternative to traditional singlespecies approaches for effective management of marine and coastal resources. Adaptive, communitybased conservation article pdf available in pacific conservation biology 101. In 20 offerings to more than 600 natural resource professionals, the authors learned a great deal about what is needed to function successfully as a. Ecosystem management grew out of a training course developed and presented by the authors for the u. Performance measures for ecosystem management and ecological. Seven pillars of ecosystem management article pdf available in landscape and urban planning 40. As a result, many human uses, native species, and other ecosystem services and products can be adversely affected.
The emerging field of endangered fishes management has yet to fully incorporate conservation genetics into recovery programs. Because ecosystems are inherently dynamic and largely unpredictable complex systems, ecosystem management is a wicked problem 1719. There is no separate definition of sustainable ecosystem management, but the concept of sustainability is. Principles of conservation biology, second edition, is a major revision of the most comprehensive textbook on conservation biology. This is manifested in at tempts to control ecosystems and in socioeconomic institutions that respond to erratic or surprising ecosystem behavior with more control command and control, however, usually results in. Ecosystem management is the application of ecological science to resource management to promote longterm sustainability of ecosystems and the delivery of essential ecosystem goods and services to society chapin et al 2002.
The book uses the man and biosphere program as a case example of a wide variety of resource management activities at. Twelve guiding principles for ecosystem management the twelve principles of the ecosystem approach principle 1. Ecosystem management by gary meffe overdrive rakuten. Conservation genetics and the management of endangered. In addition to balancing ecological and socioeconomic factors, they argue that ecosystem management must include the institutional context. Enr 5340 forest ecosystem management u g 3 fall semester 2016. Management should be decentralized to the lowest appropriate level. Implementing ecosystem management in the bureau of land. There is clear evidence for a central role of biodiversity in the delivery of some but not all.
Nyland distinguished service professor silviculture department of forest and natural resources management suny college of environmental science and forestry syracuse, ny 210 nyland 2011. Implementing the principles of ecosystem management. Ecosystem management and its role in linking science. As the human population grows and natural resources decline, there is pressure to apply increas ing levels of topdown, command, andcontrol management to natural resources.
Ecosystembased management is an environmental management approach that recognizes the full array of interactions within an ecosystem, including humans, rather than considering single issues, species, or ecosystem services in isolation. Implementing the principles of ecosystem management through. An approach to maintaining or restoring the composition, structure, function, and delivery of services of natural and modified ecosystems for the goal of achieving sustainability it is based on an adaptive, collaboratively developed vision of desired future conditions that integrates ecological, socioeconomic, and institutional perspectives, applied within a geographic framework, and defined. Department of forest, range, and wildlife science, utah state university, 5230 old main hill, logan, utah 843225215, u. A building consensus suggests that unless something is done to reverse the deterioration of ecosystem health, current and future. In our view, an ecosystem management approach has five key elements. Some notable approaches include ecosystem based management, sustainable forest management, integrated riverbasin management, integrated marine and coastal area management, and responsible fisheries approaches. Sustainable ecosystem management was used by large parts of populations thousands of years ago. We hope it will provide enough information and stimulation to get students and instructors working together to develop ways of thinking that go far beyond the books pages. Ecosystem ecology whendee silverdennis baldocchi spring 2007 syllabus course description this course will develop the principles of ecosystems ecology, with an emphasis on their application to terrestrial ecosystems. Ecosystem management values the active role of humans in achieving sustainable management goals. However, the book is small, given the topic it purports to cover, and we fully expect it to be only the starting point for learning about ecosystem management.
Ecosystem management and its role in linking science, policy. Examples of ecosystembased management in national marine. In this unit we will examine in detail an assessment, planning, and implementation framework for ecosystem management. These approaches may support the implementation of the ecosystem approach in various sectors and biomes. States concluded an agreement for the protection and enhancement of water quality. Genetic aspects of small populations must be considered at the outset of management programs in order to maximize probability of. It offers a new and exciting approach that engages students in active problem solving by using detailed landscape scenarios that reflect the complex issues and conflicting interests that face todays resource managers and scientists. Conservation genetics and the management of endangered fishes. It offers a new and exciting approach that engages students in active problem solving by using detailed landscape scenarios that reflect the complex issues and conflicting.
Keiter 1989 focused on important legal aspects of ecosystem management in a lengthy monograph. Ecosystem management uses an ecosystembased approach to resource management in order to address the myriad challenges that arise from fragmented landscapes and diverse management strategies. Achieving integrative, collaborative ecosystem management. Pdf command and control and the pathology of natural. Ecosystem management uses an ecosystem based approach to resource management in order to address the myriad challenges that arise from fragmented landscapes and diverse management strategies. The native population in the territory of the usa before the arrival of the europeans, barely changed the ecosystems because it preferred adapting to them rather than changing them. Ecosystem management represents a different kind of textbook for a different kind of course.
By gary k meffe, larry a nielsen, richard l knight, and dennis a schenborn. History, perceptions, and modern definition by kalyani robbins when we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the universe. Implementing the principles of ecosystem management through local land use planning samuel d. The objectives of management of land, water and living resources are a matter of societal choice. Achieving integrative, collaborative ecosystem management heather l. The ecological sphere comprises the chemical, physical, and biological processes that maintain ecosystems.
Report 1 is the range area ecosystem management report field trip 1. Ecosystem management acknowledges that current knowledge and paradigms of ecosystem function are provisional, incomplete, and subject to change. Chapter 2 biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services. Ecosystem management represents a differkind of textbook for a differkind of course. The systemic origins of ecosystem based management are rooted in the ecosystem management policy applied to the great lakes of north america in the late 1970s.
Biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services 5 1 introduction this chapter explores current understanding of the relationships between biodiversity, the structure and functioning of ecosystems, and the provision of ecosystem services. Students should complete this course with an indepth conceptual understanding of ecosystem management. Genetic aspects of small populations must be considered at the outset of management programs in order to maximize probability of their long. The legislation created, the great lakes basin and the great lakes water quality agreement of 1978, was based on the claim that no park is an island, with the purpose to show how strict protection of the area is not the. It can be applied to studies in the terrestrial and marine environments with challenges being attributed to both. As do all professions, natural resource management reflects the social and political context of the times. A core element of this course is the application of ecosystem management theory to a case study that the class explores throughout the semester.
It offers a new and exciting approach that engages students in active problem solving by using detailed landscape scenarios that reflect the complex issues and conflicting interests that. In this context, the ecosystem approach offers a powerful strategy for the integrated management of land, water and living resources that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way. The purpose is to turn an unpredictable and in efficient natural system into one that produces prod. The adoption of the broad philosophy underlying ecosystem management is a recognition that technical and. The first interagency attempt to apply ecosystem management to federal lands was issued in draft form in 1990 greater yellowstone coordinating committee 1990 only to become the. Implementing ecosystem management in the bureau of land management. Ecosystem management for sustainability recognizes this need and shares the experiences of the editor and 54 contributing authors, each leaders in the advancement of ecosystem management and champions of the natural environment. The concept of wicked problems arose more than 30 years ago in response to the dominance of topdown, expertdriven technical and engineering solutions to thorny issues in public policy, such as poverty. Enr 5340 forest ecosystem management u g 3 fall semester 20 the concepts and methods of managing forests across broad landscape scales for biodiversity, multiple uses and products, and ecosystem integrity.674 114 1154 1217 1011 540 376 1263 1003 206 1501 520 494 1053 410 1314 452 643 440 605 1130 341 425 751 1124 1160 1 59 660 1223 1213 171